Mountain Kilimanjaro Tanzania

101 Beginner Guide to Climb Kilimanjaro

Discover the essential guide to climbing Mount Kilimanjaro for beginners. Learn about the best routes, how to prepare, and what to expect during your ascent. Get tips on avoiding crowds, staying safe, and savoring the awe-inspiring views and wildlife. This article is your roadmap to a successful and memorable Kilimanjaro adventure.

Are you dreaming of reaching the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro but not sure where to start? This ‘101 Beginner Guide to Climb Kilimanjaro’ is crafted for the aspirants who are taking their first steps into the world of high-altitude hiking. Mount Kilimanjaro is more than just Africa’s tallest peak; it’s a journey through diverse ecosystems, each with its own unique beauty and challenges. 

Designed with the novice in mind, our guide breaks down the essentials, from preparation to the final triumphant steps, ensuring you’re well-equipped for the climb. 

Whether you’re an absolute beginner or have a few hikes under your belt, this guide will help you navigate the adventure that awaits. So gear up, embrace the excitement, and prepare to transform your summit dreams into reality. The roof of Africa awaits.

trekking up kilimanjaro

Understanding Mount Kilimanjaro

Where is Mount Kilimanjaro

Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest peak in Africa, stands proudly in Tanzania. It’s not just a mountain; it’s a stratovolcano, consisting of three volcanic cones. Imagine standing on the roof of Africa, with the world stretched out beneath you – that’s Kilimanjaro for you!

Why Mount Kilimanjaro is so popular

The lure of Kilimanjaro lies in its accessibility and the fact that you can walk to the summit without technical climbing skills. It’s a beacon for adventurers worldwide, offering breathtaking views and the chance to trek through five distinct ecosystems.

Beginner’s Guide to Kilimanjaro Facts

Heading to the peak of Mount Kilimanjaro, every hiker’s dream, might seem daunting, but it’s surprisingly achievable, especially with a guide in hand that’s tailored for beginners. In the realm of mountaineering, Kilimanjaro is an open invitation, not just for the experienced but for anyone armed with determination and the right guidance. It’s one of the few summits where the journey from the base to the 19,341-foot peak doesn’t require technical climbing gear or expert mountaineering skills.

Did you know that Kilimanjaro is the world’s tallest free-standing mountain, an ecological marvel where you’ll wander through lush rainforest, alpine desert, and icy summit all within a week? This mountain’s unique weather system means you could experience four seasons in a single day. Our guide takes you through these astounding facts, including the importance of acclimatization to combat altitude sickness effectively. You’ll learn the insider tip of ‘pole pole’ (slowly, slowly in Swahili), the Kilimanjaro mantra that emphasizes the importance of giving your body time to adapt to high altitudes. 

As you dive into the guide, you’ll uncover the little-known fact that Kilimanjaro has its own set of glaciers, despite being just 205 miles from the equator. Plus, you’ll get a scoop on the local wildlife, potentially spotting colobus monkeys or majestic eagles as you ascend!

What We Wish We Knew Before Climbing Kilimanjaro

There are things to know before climbing Kilimanjaro that can save you some hassle. Climbers often underestimate the mountain’s challenges, only to realize the valuable lessons it imparts along the ascent. Many wish they had known the critical importance of pacing oneself—how the mantra ‘pole pole’ (slowly, slowly) is not just a suggestion, but a necessity to outsmart the altitude sickness that can beset even the most seasoned hikers. They learn too late that the key to success on Kilimanjaro is as much about mental fortitude as physical endurance.

Seasoned by the journey, many come to understand the weight of every extra item in their pack, the necessity of breaking in their hiking boots to avoid the agony of blisters, and the warmth brought about by a simple ‘jambo’ (hello) exchanged with the ever-friendly locals. The mountain, with its vast skies and winding paths, teaches a profound lesson in humility and respect for nature. Climbers usually find that reaching the top of Kilimanjaro is a powerful victory that shows how strong the human spirit is, and this feeling stays with them long after they’ve come back down.

kilimanjaro at base

Climbing Preparation

Requirements for Climbing Mt. Kilimanjaro

To tackle Kilimanjaro, you need a clean bill of health, determination, and the right paperwork – yes, a visa and climbing permits are a must.

Skill Level and Age

No need to be a seasoned climber, but basic fitness is essential. Kilimanjaro has been scaled by people from 7 to 89 years old, so age is just a number here.


Packing right to climb Kilimanjaro is crucial: think thermal layers, sturdy boots, and a reliable sleeping bag. Gear up for success, and don’t skimp on quality! 

Choosing the right Kilimanjaro Route for a Beginner

Choosing the right path to the summit of Kilimanjaro is a crucial part of your adventure. Each route offers a unique experience and varies in difficulty, scenery, and acclimatization opportunities. Whether you prefer a leisurely journey with ample time to adjust to the altitude or a brisk climb that tests your endurance, there’s a path for you. Here’s a snapshot of the routes to help you pick the one that aligns with your trekking style and aspirations. From the scenic sweeps of the Lemosho Route to the direct paths of Marangu, the wild, less-traveled tracks of Rongai, and the high-altitude start of Shira, each trail has its own character and challenges. Let’s explore what each Kilimanjaro route has to offer.

Lemosho Route

Lemosho is a scenic beauty, offering a longer route for better acclimatization. It merges with Machame, so you’ll have company as you approach the summit.

Marangu Route

Also known as the ‘Coca-Cola’ route, Marangu offers hut accommodations. It’s more direct, making it popular but also a bit crowded.

Machame Route

Machame is the ‘Whiskey’ route, a tad more challenging with stunning vistas. It’s the choice for those seeking a bit of a challenge.

Rongai Route

Rongai is the path less trodden. It’s more remote and offers a more gentle climb with a higher chance of wildlife sightings.

Northern Circuit Route

The Northern Circuit takes its time, flaunting Kilimanjaro’s quieter sides. It’s ideal for those who want to soak in every view and acclimatize thoroughly.

Umbwe Route

Umbwe is steep and swift, meant for the bold and the fit. It’s the less crowded route but demands a strong pace.

Shira Route

Shira Plateau is high, so starting here means you need to be acclimatization-ready. It’s similar to Lemosho but skips the rainforest.

How Do You Get There?

Your journey to Mount Kilimanjaro begins with a flight to Kilimanjaro International Airport. Once you land, it’s just a quick drive to the mountain’s base. There, the real adventure begins.

Best Time to Climb Mount Kilimanjaro

Aim for the dry seasons: January to March or June to October. You’ll get clear skies and more comfortable trekking conditions. 

Outside of January to March and June to October, Kilimanjaro experiences its wet seasons. Climbing during these times means you’re more likely to encounter heavy rains, slippery trails, and poor visibility. Not only does this make trekking more difficult and less safe, but it can also obscure the stunning views that make the climb so rewarding. Additionally, the wet conditions increase the risk of altitude sickness, as your body has to work harder under these challenging circumstances. Choosing the dry seasons ensures a more pleasant climb, clearer paths, and the panoramic vistas that you’re there to see.

mt kilimanjaro scenic view

Preparing to Climb Mount Kilimanjaro

Acclimatizing To Kilimanjaro’s High Altitude

Take it slow – ‘pole pole’ as the locals say. Acclimatization days are your friends. Listen to your body and acclimate to avoid altitude sickness.

What to expect while Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro?

Expect a rollercoaster of emotions, physical challenges, and some of the most beautiful sunrises and sunsets you’ll ever see. You’re in for the trek of a lifetime!

Planning & Logistics

Proper planning is the backbone of a successful Kilimanjaro climb. From visas to vaccinations, every detail counts.

Kilimanjaro Visa

Most travelers will need a visa to enter Tanzania. Fortunately, obtaining a tourist visa is a straightforward process that can be done upon arrival at Kilimanjaro International Airport or in advance through the Tanzanian Embassy or Consulate in your home country. Ensure your passport is valid for at least six months beyond your travel dates.

Kilimanjaro Travel Insurance

Travel insurance is a must for Kilimanjaro. Look for a policy that covers high-altitude trekking up to 6,000 meters, medical evacuation, and trip cancellation. It’s a safety net you shouldn’t climb without.

Vaccinations For Kilimanjaro

Consult with a travel doctor a few months before your trip to discuss vaccinations. Typically, Hepatitis A, Typhoid, and a Yellow Fever vaccination are recommended, along with routine updates on tetanus and polio.

Kilimanjaro Food

Food on Kilimanjaro is designed to fuel your ascent while offering a taste of local cuisine. Meals are a mix of Western and Tanzanian dishes, with a focus on carbohydrates for energy, proteins for muscle repair, and vitamins and minerals from fruits and vegetables to support overall health.

For breakfast, you might enjoy porridge, fruit, eggs, and toast with a side of tea or coffee. Lunch could be a packed meal with sandwiches or wraps, boiled eggs, and chicken, accompanied by fruit and juice. Dinners are hearty affairs with dishes like pasta, rice, and stews, often featuring beans or lentils for a protein boost, and are usually followed by a sweet treat like fruit or a modest dessert.

As for snacks, they are vital for maintaining energy levels between meals. Ideal snacks are lightweight, nutritious, and high-energy. Examples include trail mix, energy bars, dried fruit, nuts, and dark chocolate. Jerky is an excellent protein-rich option, while granola bars offer a quick carbohydrate fix. Electrolyte-replenishing snacks like sports gels or chews can also be helpful, especially as you reach higher altitudes where appetite might wane.

Remember to carry snacks that you find palatable and energizing since personal preference will play a big role in your enjoyment and energy levels as you climb.

Kilimanjaro Tipping Guide

Tipping your guide and porters is customary and much appreciated. Guidelines suggest $20-$25 per day for guides, $15-$20 for assistant guides and cooks, and $10-$15 for each porter, split among the group.

Post-Climb Activities

After the thrill of summiting Kilimanjaro, continue your Tanzanian adventure with these fun-filled activities:

Safari in the Serengeti: Experience the quintessential African safari in the Serengeti National Park. Home to the iconic Great Migration, it’s an unforgettable opportunity to see wildlife like lions, elephants, and cheetahs in their natural habitat.

Relax on Zanzibar’s Beaches: Swap the hiking boots for flip-flops and bask in the tropical paradise of Zanzibar. The island’s pristine beaches and clear turquoise waters offer a perfect setting for relaxation or snorkeling.

Ngorongoro Crater: Explore the Ngorongoro Crater, where you can spot a wide array of wildlife in a natural amphitheater that serves as a conservation area and a haven for endangered species.

Cultural Tours in Arusha: Dive into the culture with a visit to Arusha. Participate in a coffee tour, visit local markets, and interact with the Maasai people to gain insight into their traditional way of life.

Tarangire National Park: Set off on a game drive in Tarangire, renowned for its large elephant herds and majestic baobab trees. It’s a quieter alternative to the Serengeti but equally rewarding.

Hot Air Balloon Ride over the Serengeti: Elevate your safari experience with a hot air balloon ride at dawn. Drift over the expansive Serengeti plains as the early sun casts golden hues over the land teeming with wildlife.

These activities offer the perfect blend of relaxation, adventure, and cultural enrichment to round off your Kilimanjaro expedition.

climbing kilimanjaro

Kilimanjaro Climb Cost

The expense of scaling Kilimanjaro fluctuates greatly, influenced by your selected path, trek duration, comfort preferences, and your choice of guiding service. Typically, you might expect to invest between $2,000 and $4,000 for this mountain adventure. However, costs could rise with the inclusion of extra comforts or dip if you opt for a more basic climbing experience.

This fee typically includes park fees, camping or hut fees, guide and porter wages, food, and transport from and to the airport or hotel. However, it often does not cover equipment rental, tips, flights, and personal expenses. It’s also wise to budget for pre- and post-climb accommodations and any additional excursions in Tanzania. Remember, while it may be tempting to choose a budget operator, the quality of your experience and safety should never be compromised, so thorough research and selecting a reputable company is crucial.

On the Mountain Experience

As you gear up for the grand adventure of climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, it’s essential to arm yourself with knowledge that spans beyond the basic itinerary. Let’s now dive into the crucial aspects of your upcoming trek—understanding the physical challenges and safety measures to navigate the mountain effectively, immersing yourself in the rich tapestry of wildlife and scenic vistas that will accompany you upwards, and learning strategic tips to find serenity away from the crowds. 

Physical Challenges and Safety

The physical demands of Kilimanjaro should not be underestimated. Altitude sickness is the most significant challenge, with symptoms that can range from mild headaches to life-threatening conditions. Safety on the mountain is paramount, with experienced guides monitoring climbers for altitude-related issues and other injuries. The key to safety is a slow ascent, proper hydration, and listening to your body.

Wildlife and Scenic Views

Ascending Kilimanjaro is a journey through a living mosaic of natural habitats. The dense rainforests at the mountain’s base teem with life; colobus monkeys swing through the canopy, while the elusive blue monkeys peer curiously at passersby. The air resonates with the calls of tropical birds like the Hartlaub’s turaco with its vibrant plumage and the silvery-cheeked hornbill. As you climb higher, you might spot a mongoose scuttling across your path or catch a glimpse of a bushbaby’s eyes twinkling in the night.

The scenery unfolds like a story as you climb—first the dense, humid rainforest gives way to heath and moorland where giant lobelias and groundsel trees stand like sentinels in the mist. Further up, the landscape transforms into an alpine desert, a stark world of rock and ice, where the views stretch to the horizon, revealing the curvature of the earth. As you approach the summit, the austere beauty of the ice fields and glaciers becomes apparent, each crevasse and serac telling the tale of the mountain’s ancient history. Here, the view from the top is a panorama of the African plains below, a vastness that is both humbling and exhilarating. This ever-changing backdrop, coupled with the diversity of wildlife, makes climbing Kilimanjaro a truly unforgettable encounter with the wild.

5 Simple Ways to Avoid the Crowds While Climbing Kilimanjaro

  1. Choose the Right Route: Opt for less traveled routes like the Rongai, Lemosho, or Northern Circuit to escape the crowds found on Marangu or Machame.
  2. Off-Peak Climbs: Plan your climb during the shoulder seasons, such as early March or late October, when there are fewer climbers on the mountain.
  3. Start Early or Late in the Day: Adjust your trekking schedule to begin your daily hike either before dawn or later in the morning, after most groups have departed.
  4. Camp at Less Popular Sites: Some routes offer alternative campsites that are less frequented, allowing for a quieter experience.
  5. Extend Your Trek: Consider a longer itinerary, which not only helps with acclimatization but also means you’ll be trekking on days when others are resting or have already descended.

Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro For Beginners FAQ’s

Is it Worth it to Climb Kilimanjaro?

Absolutely. Climbing Kilimanjaro offers a profound sense of achievement, breathtaking views, and a deep connection with nature. It’s a bucket-list experience that also instills valuable lessons in perseverance and personal strength.

How Hard is it to Climb Kilimanjaro as a Beginner?

Climbing Kilimanjaro is challenging but doable for beginners. It requires physical preparation and mental resolve. Choosing a route that allows ample time for acclimatization significantly increases success rates for novices.

Is Climbing Kilimanjaro Really Dangerous?

Like any high-altitude adventure, it comes with risks, primarily related to altitude sickness. However, with a reputable guide service, proper preparation, and adherence to safety advice, these risks are significantly minimized.

How Do I Prevent Injuries While Climbing Kilimanjaro?

Proper gear, adequate training, and acclimatization are key. Also, following your guide’s advice, staying hydrated, and keeping a pace that suits your body are vital in preventing injuries.

Why Do People Fail When Climbing Kilimanjaro?

Failure often stems from inadequate preparation, underestimating the mountain, poor health, or simply not allowing enough time for the body to adapt to the altitude.


Climbing Kilimanjaro is a transformative experience worth every step. It’s an adventure that rewards you with not just panoramic vistas but also a journey of self-discovery. A well-planned route tailored to your abilities, coupled with knowledge of common pitfalls like inadequate preparation or ignoring altitude sickness symptoms, sets you up for a successful summit. Remember, reaching the top is optional, but returning safely is mandatory. Safe travels and happy climbing!

Lydia Yang

Lydia Yang

Lydia Yang is a Singaporean city girl who decided to ditch her high heels for hiking boots and become a full-time traveller and digital nomad. She has been to almost 60 countries to date! She has a knack for adventure travel, especially rock climbing, and always hunts down the best climbing spots around the world. Check out her expert advice on the best outdoor crags to climb at or what workouts to improve your climbing performance.

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