Bouldering versus Rock climbing – though they may seem similar at first sight, there is actually a lot of significant differences upon futher understanding. Both sport requires different techniques, different training routines, different muscle groups usage, different gear set and the list goes on and on!
Read on to find out all the differences between rock climbing and bouldering.
Key Difference between rock climbing and bouldering
As earlier mentioned, rock climbing and bouldering differ in a number of ways. The climbing techniques and specific moves often differ when one is doing rock climbing vs. bouldering. Additionally, different levels of strength and endurance are required for each one. If you are planning to supplement your climbing with home workouts and routines that consist of stretches/ yoga and hangboards, then the more these training plans should be specifically tailored for rock climbers or boulderers.
We will cover a few of the following factors in this article, but note the terminology and difficulty grading differs between rock climbing and bouldering. In addition, significantly different climbing gear is required ( rock climbing being more expensive).
But the most significant difference between rock climbing and bouldering is the way that they are executed and protected. Rock climbing is done with a rope and protective gear, while bouldering only requires the use of a crashpad. Lets explore more.
Style and Techniques of Rock Climbing vs. Bouldering
Due to the differences in hold and foothold type, the style and technique required to be a good rock climber is different than that which is required to be a good boulderer. High wall climbing routes are longer and more sustained, and it takes someone with mental strength, endurance and a great memory to be able to remember all of the sequences on a full highwall climbing route.
Bouldering also requires problem solving. But because boulder problems are usually quite short, it’s easier to remember the sequences. However, small hand and footholds require boulderers to have the right body positioning in order to stay on the rock or hold.
Differences in Strength and Endurance
Perhaps the easiest analogy to understand the difference between rock climbing and bouldering is long distance running vs. sprints. While a marathon runner relies more on endurance, sprinters use more strength and raw power. The same goes for rock climbers vs. boulderers.
High wall indoor and outdoor rock climbers climb routes that range between 8 and 40 meters, so they often rely on their endurance to get them all the way to the top. On the other hand, boulders are rarely taller than 4 or 5 meters, meaning that the difficult moves are more concentrated. Harder moves for boulderers means that more strength is required.
However, it’s important to understand that endurance is also important for boulderers as strength is for rock climbers. Long rock climbing routes often have a difficult crux move, which certainly requires strength. Additionally, long boulder problems that requires endurance, such as traverses, are quite common.
Type of Muscles Used
When it comes to the types of muscles used, a high wall rock climber climbing attempting a route that is a relatively easy grade for them will be using slow-twitch muscles. On the other hand, explosive moves and body tension often required when bouldering. as it requires the use of fast-twitch muscles.
Differences in Training
Because they demand the use of slightly different muscle groups and skills, rock climbing and bouldering training tend to differ. Though rock climbers must also train strength and bouldering skills, they complement it with plenty of endurance training, such as repeating routes with little or shorter rest time in between.
Boulderers on the other hand, are more focused on training max-strength by trying difficult boulder problems and hangboard-ing. They also more frequently training moves that are very common in bouldering, such as toe hooks, heel hooks, mantles, dynos, and sit starts. Though some of these moves are also found in rock climbing, they are much lest frequently used in rock climbing than in bouldering.
All things considered, rock climbing and bouldering training have more similarities than differences. Both are active activities that require using almost the entire musculature of the body, meaning that both require full-body training plans.
Aside from training their finger and upper-body strength, both rock climbers and boulderers must also train core strength, leg strength, body tension, and balance.
Aside from differences when it comes to physical demands and training regiments, rock climbing also differs from bouldering when it comes to terminology.
Read on to find a list of common rock climbing/bouldering-specific terms with definitions.
Rock Climbing Terms:
- Anchors: the chains that you clip your rope and personal anchor system into at the top of a climbing route
- Bolt: the metal anchor bolted into the climbing wall for protection
- To clip: the act of clipping your rope into the protective gear that you have placed in a bolt on the wall
- To belay: the act of holding the rope, via a belay device, to protect someone from falling while they are climbing
- To take: to have the belayer take in slack from the rope and support the entire body weight of the climber, allowing them to rest
- Top out: climbing onto the top of the boulder
- To spot: the act of protecting the climber by preparing to guide a potential fall
- Mantle: A move that is often required for topping out, similar to getting out of a pool without a ladder
- Dab: When your foot (or any other body part) accidentally touches/brushes the ground or crashpad
Rock Climbing Grades vs. Bouldering Grades
Additionally, rock climbing routes and boulder problem are each graded using a different scale. When it comes to rock climbing grades, each region uses a unique grading system. The most common system is the French system, with routes ranging between the grades of 2 (easiest) and 9c. In the United States, the Yosemite system is used, with routes ranging from 5.0-5.15, while the Australian system is based on numbers ranging from 3 to 39.
Bouldering also uses the French system, with boulder problems ranging from 4 to 8c+. However, when using the French system, the same rock climbing grade number in rock climbing does not match the difficulty as that grade number in bouldering. For example, a 7a boulder problem is more physically demanding than a 7a climbing route.
Another commonly used system in bouldering is the V-system, which starts at V0 and goes all the way up to V17, an extremely difficult grade that very few have climbed.
Gear for Rock Climbers vs. Gear for Boulderers
Given that rock climbing and bouldering are performed in such different manners, it’s no surprise that they require different climbing gear needs. Rock climbers need significantly more climbing gear than boulderers.
Aside from the chalk and climbing shoes that any type of climbing requires, rock climbing calls for a harness, a rope, quickdraws, a personal anchor system, a belay device, and a helmet. On the other hand, all you need to boulder is a crashpad and some trustworthy friends to spot you.
Which is more beginner-friendly
Rock climbing and bouldering both pose distinct challengers for beginners. One the one hand, rock climbing is a mentally difficult sport to begin. It can be a great challenge for those who suffer from fear of heights. Also, there are a lot of safety measures that must be learned and memorised.
On the other hand, bouldering requires much more raw strength than rock climbing. This means it can be more physically demanding for new climbers who have not yet developed climbing-specific muscles. In summary, rock climbing is harder for beginners who struggle with fear of heights, while bouldering is more of a challenge for beginners who lack finger and upper-body strength.
Different Injury Risks
Though both forms of sport poses risk, both rock climbing and bouldering can be safe activities when correctly executed. Both present the possibility of overuse injuries, such as finger tendon/ pulley strains and shoulder injuries, and both present the possibility of accident-incurred injuries.
When it comes to rock climbing, injuries are few and far between. Most are a result of muscle or tendon strains, such as the ones listed above, though you can get a bit banged up if you have an unpleasant fall. The most common injuries incurred when rock climbing are simple bumps, surface level skin tears and bruises. However, it’s important to keep in mind that it is always possible to experience an extremely dangerous ground fall if the proper safety measures aren’t taken.
Bouldering can be a bit riskier. Because you are climbing without a rope at quite a heigh, you will always fall and land on the ground, which increases your risk of sprained ankles, broken feet, and knee injuries.
However, these injuries can be avoided with good spotters and proper crashpad placement. Additionally, due to the fact that individual moves in bouldering are more difficult and often use smaller holds than in rock climbing, finger tendon and pulley injuries tend to be more common in boulderers than in rock climbers.
Which is Better, Rock Climbing or Bouldering?
In the end, whether rock climbing or bouldering is better for you depends on personal preferences! Just like some people prefer a marathon and others a sprint, rock climbing and bouldering present distinct physical demands and also offer distinct rewards.
If you love the thrill of heights and beautiful scenery, you’d make a great outdoor rock climber, and if you love short bursts and technical challenges to push your body to its physical limit, bouldering is the best option for you!
Which will you opt for?